Location: Central Asia
Coordinates: 41°16’N 69°13’E
Area: 447.900 sq.km: land - 425.900 sq.km; water
- 22.000 sq.km.
Population: 26,6 million (as of 1 January 2007):
37% - urban population, 63% - country
Density of population: 59,4 per one sq.km.
Ethnic groups: : Uzbeks 80%, Russians 5,5%,
Tajiks 5%, Kazakhs 5%, Kara-Kalpaks 2%, Tatars
Administrative division: 12 regions, Republic of
Capital: Tashkent, more than 2,5 million people.
Language: Uzbek – official language, Russian –
Religion: Islam - 88%, Christianity - 9%, 3% -
Time: GMT + 5 hours
Electricity: 220V AC, 50À;
standard socket of double plug
Internet zone: .uz
International dialing: +998
The Republic of Uzbekistan is situated in the
central part of Central Asia, between the Amu
Darya and Syr Darya rivers. The Turan lowland
and the Tien Shan Mountains are located in the
northwest of the republic. The chain Pamir-Alay
is situated in the southeast. The mountain peak
is 4643 m. The Kyzylkum desert is situated in
the north. Uzbekistan borders on Kyrgyzstan,
Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and
Afghanistan. Total border extent is 6221 km.
The climate in Uzbekistan is acutely
continental. Monthly temperature in winter is
from +10 (50°F) to +3°C (37,4°F). Summer is hot
and dry and the temperature varies from +35
(95°F) to +45°C (113°F). Autumn is quite warm.
Air temperature during autumn is approximately
In Uzbekistan there are the most prolific
deposits of precious, nonferrous and less-common
metals, all kinds of organic fuel – oil, natural
gas and gas-condensate, brown coal, slate coal.
Uzbekistan takes the world leading positions on
confirmed reserves of gold, uranium, copper,
natural gas, tungsten, potash salts,
phosphorites, kaolin. So, the republic takes the
fourth place in the world on gold reserve, the
seventh place on gold production level, the
tenth place on copper reserve, the seventh place
on uranium reserve, and the eleventh place on
uranium production level.
Flora of Uzbekistan is represented by over 3700
species of plants. 1/5 among them are endemic,
they range nowhere else.
All financial operations are carried in national
currency of the Republic of Uzbekistan (sum).
Sum was imposed on July 1, 1994 (UZS, code 153)1
sum consists of 100 tiyins.The Uzbek sum is in
dominations of UZS 1, 3, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100,
1000. Exchange offices are available in every
city of Uzbekistan.
- Uzbek is the official state language of the
Republic of Uzbekistan. Up to 80% of population
can speak Russian.
- International passport is required for the entry
to Uzbekistan and travelling through the
Republic. Entrance visa is not required for
Russian citizens. One can receive a registration
card in a hotel. The card may be required by the
officers of passport control service when
leaving Uzbekistan. If a guest of the republic
wants to stay at friends’ place, he/she will
need to register himself/herself at the Visas
Issuance and Registration Department domiciliary.
- Travelling through Uzbekistan usually covers
those regions which are not dangerous
substantially to infectious diseases, so no
official vaccination is required for foreign
citizens. However, doctor's advice is strongly
recommended to prevent one or another disease.
Insignificant gastric discomfort is possible
since in some regions water includes extra
quantity of mineral and metallic salts.
One of the main health hazards in hot season is
fluid loss. So it is necessary to keep water
balance in organism by means of nonalcoholic
beverages. Excessive sun-tan can be the cause of
feeling bad. So it is advisable to carry
protective lotion and a sunhat.
- There are no prohibitions for guests of the
republic who wish to make photos of the places
they are interested in. Photographing is not
allowed at the airport, railway stations, in
some religious places, nearby military targets
and in the Tashkent underground railway.
Photographic films and batteries are available
in a distribution network. However, it is
advisable to buy all necessary accessories
before arrival, especially if a guest of the
republic has a photo/video camera of specific
modification or sophisticated type with a
specific kind of film or batteries.
- Home-produced mineral waters include higher
level of mineral substances than some mineral
waters of foreign manufacture, so it may taste
quite salty. These mineral waters have a
- Popular souvenirs are jewellery, cloth and
handicrafts made in Central Asia, books,
postcards and tourist maps. There are
restrictions on import of carpets. When buying
goods on a local market, called “bazaar”, and in
some other places of commerce it would be good
to bargain with the sellers about the price. In
this case by tradition of a bazaar the price for
the goods can be reduced considerably.
- 1 January – New Year
8 March – International Women Day
9 May – Memory and Honour Day
1 September – Independence Day
1 October – Teachers’ Day
8 December – Constitution Day
21 March – Navruz (Muslim New Year)