Area: 447.900 sq.km: land - 425.900 sq.km; water - 22.000 sq.km.
Uzbeks 80%, Russians 5,5%, Tajiks 5%, Kazakhs 5%, Kara-Kalpaks 2%, Tatars 1,5%.
12 regions, Republic of Kara-Kalpaks.
Uzbek – official language, Russian – international language.
Islam - 88%, Christianity - 9%, 3% - other religions.
GMT + 5 hours
220V AC, 50À; standard socket of double plug
The Republic of Uzbekistan is situated in the central part of Central Asia, between the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers. The Turan lowland and the Tien Shan Mountains are located in the northwest of the republic. The chain Pamir-Alay is situated in the southeast.
The mountain peak is 4643 m. The Kyzylkum desert is situated in the north.
Uzbekistan borders on Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan. Total border extent is 6221 km.
The climate in Uzbekistan is acutely continental. Monthly temperature in winter is from +10 (50°F) to +3°C (37,4°F). Summer is hot and dry and the temperature varies from +35 (95°F) to +45°C (113°F). Autumn is quite warm. Air temperature during autumn is approximately +13°C (55,4°F).
In Uzbekistan there are the most prolific deposits of precious, nonferrous and less-common metals, all kinds of organic fuel – oil, natural gas and gas-condensate, brown coal, slate coal.
Uzbekistan takes the world leading positions on confirmed reserves of gold, uranium, copper, natural gas, tungsten, potash salts, phosphorites, kaolin. So, the republic takes the fourth place in the world on gold reserve, the seventh place on gold production level, the tenth place on copper reserve, the seventh place on uranium reserve, and the eleventh place on uranium production level.
Flora of Uzbekistan is represented by over 3700 species of plants. 1/5 among them are endemic, they range nowhere else.